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The Second Great Awakening: 1800-1899

Princeton Seminary, Abraham Kuyper, D.L. Moody, John Henry Newman, B.B.Warfield, and C.H.Spurgeon

  • 1800 The first camp meeting in Kentucky is presided over by Calvinist James McGready
  • 1801 William Carey's Bengali New Testament published
  • 1801 The Cane Ridge Revival in Kentucky is an early stirring of the Second Great Awakening
  • 1808 Henry Martyn publishes the New Testament in Hindustani
  • 1809 Harvard having been lost to Unitarianism, Andover Seminary is founded
  • 1812 Princeton Seminary founded

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151670X: History of Princeton Seminary History of Princeton Seminary
By David B. Calhoun / Banner Of Truth

Modest in its origins, but blessd with professors marked by personal devotion to Christ as well as academic brillance, the name of Princeton Seminary became almost synonymous with erudidte biblical exposition, carefully worked-out reformed theology, and deep spirituality. In volume 1 of this makgnificent work, Dr. Calhoun traces the moving story of the years 1812-1868. Here we meet great spirituality great scholars, great missionary vision and great consecration to Christ. 522 pgs

1516955: History of Princeton Seminary Volume 2: The Majestic Testimony 1869-1929 History of Princeton Seminary Volume 2: The Majestic Testimony 1869-1929
By David B. Calhoun / Banner Of Truth

In Princeton Seminary, volume 2: The Majestic Testimony, David Calhoun continues his history of Princeton Seminary begun in the widely acclaimed volume 1, Faith and Learning. Here we encounter the great Hodge lineage; the broad scholarship of B. B. Warfield; the brilliance of Geerhardus Vos; the emergence of the young J. Gresham Machen. And through them we are introduced to the army of men they taught, loved, and sent throughout the world to serve Jesus Christ. 560 pgs

34594: Systematic Theology, 3 Volumes Systematic Theology, 3 Volumes
By Charles Hodge / Hendrickson Publishers

The magnum opus of one of America's most prominent theologians offers an in-depth exploration of theology, anthropology, soteriology, and eschatology. This monumental work, now a standard for theological students, was written while Hodge served as a professor at Princeton, where he permanently influenced American Christianity as a teacher, preacher, and exegete. Includes a comprehensive index. Three hardcovers, from Hendrickson.

  • 1812 b. James Henley Thornwell, the great Southern Presbyterian mind whose influence is still felt in the PCA
  • 1813 b. David Livingston, missionary and explorer in Africa
  • 1813 b. Soren Kierkegaard
  • African Methodist Episcopal Church founded in 1816 by Richard Allen, a freedman who had been the first black Methodist to be ordained as a deacon
  • 1824 Charles Finney leads revivals from Wilmingham to Boston. The Second Great Awakening is underway
  • 1825 Charles Hodge founds the Princeton Review
  • 1834 d. William Carey, called "the Father of Modern Missions"
  • 1834 b. C.H.Spurgeon
  • 1835 Hodge's Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans
  • 1835 Finney's Lectures on Revivals
  • The Southern Harmony, and Musical Companion by William Walker
  • 1833-1841 The Oxford Movement, or the Tractarian Movement, attempts to bring the Church of England closer to Catholicism. Tried to popularize the Via Media. Led by John Henry Newman
  • 1835-1837 Adoniram Judson translates the Bible into Burmese
  • 1837 b. Abraham Kuyper
  • 1837 b. D.L. Moody
  • 1837 Old School/New School controversy splits American Presbyterianism
  • 1843 The Disruption of the church in Scotland
  • 1844 d. Asahel Nettleton, Calvinist leader who opposed Finney's formulaic view of revivalism during the Second Great Awakening
  • 1845 John Henry Newman converts to Roman Catholicism
  • 1848 b. Mary Slessor, who the Africans she would minister to called "The Mother of All of Life"
  • 1851 d. Archibald Alexander
  • 1851 b. B.B.Warfield, Princeton theologian who would defend inerrancy
  • 1852 b. Adolf Schlatter, a respected conservative voice in liberal Germany
  • 1854 Doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary
  • 1855 d. Kierkegaard
  • 1857 Finney's Lectures to Professing Christians written to influence the practice of "Christian Perfection"
  • Origen of Species, 1859, Darwin
  • 1860 Essays and Reviews published. A liberal manifesto by 7 Church of England priests
  • 1861 Spurgeon moves to the Metropolitan Tabernacle. Soon he is preaching to over 6,000 per week
  • 1864 Old School/New School schism healed in the South
  • 1869 Old School/New School schism healed in the North
  • 1870 Vatican I, and the declaration of Papal Infallibility when speaking ex cathedra
  • 1870 Fifty year celebration of Friedrich August Tholuck's professorship at Halle. Tholuck was the spiritual father of thousands of students, and mentored Charles Hodge
  • 1873 d. David Livingston
  • 1875 d. Charles Finney
  • 1874 The Christian Doctrine of Justification and Reconciliation by Albrecht Ritschl reduces Christianity to a social gospel
  • 1878 d. Charles Hodge
  • 1879 John Henry Newman made a Cardinal
  • 1881 b. J.Gresham Machen
  • 1886 Abraham Kuyper leads a major sucession in the Dutch Reformed Church
  • 1886 The Student Volunteer Movement
  • 1886 b. Karl Barth
  • 1890 d. John Henry Newman, who became one of the most influential Roman Catholic thinkers of his time
  • 1892 d. C.H.Spurgeon
  • 1898 Kuyper’s Lectures on Calvinism at Princeton’s Stone Lectures urge the development of a Christian worldview encompassing all of life
  • 1899 d. D.L. Moody

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06259: The Treasury of David, 3 Volumes The Treasury of David, 3 Volumes
By Charles Spurgeon / Hendrickson Publishers

The classic commentary on the Psalms is a treasure for preachers and devotional readers alike! Each verse includes Spurgeon's commentary, as well as illuminating quotes from Spurgeon's contemporaries and great Puritan expositors of the 17th and 18th centuries. Each psalm closes with a short section of "Hints to Preachers." 2833 pages total, three hardcovers from Hendrickson.

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281607X: Lectures on CalvinismLectures on Calvinism
By Abraham Kuyper / Eerdmans Publishing Co.

How does a person relate to God, to other people, and to the world around? This classic expression of the Reformed faith offers six lectures on Calvinism. Abraham Kuyper introduces Calvinism as a life-system, discusses its relationship to religion, politics, science, and art. Though these lecture were delivered at Princeton in 1898, what Kuyper says is not of historical interest alone; it has relevance for today.

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For further study

Listen to Covenant Theological Seminary's Reformation and Modern Church History by Dr. David Calhoun.