The Church History courses I took while creating this timeline were taught by Dr. David Calhoun (author of History of Princeton Seminary) and the text was The Story of Christianity by Justo Gonzalez.
Buy these books from Christian Book Distributors
The Story of Christianity, One-Volume Edition
By Justo L. Gonzalez / Prince Press
Now available in one affordable hardcover, Gonzalez's 2- volume work continues to set the standard in seminary classrooms worldwide. This highly acclaimed text provides a vivid introduction to Christian history, from the apostolic church to the present day. Gonzalez skillfully weaves in relevant details from the lives of prominent figures, tracing out core theological developments as reflected in the lives of leading thinkers within various church traditions. Especially careful attention is given to Christian expansion into Central and South America during the early modern period. 880 pages, from Prince Press.
The Church History ABCs
By Stephen J. Nichols & Ned Bustard / Crossway Books & Bibles
A slave-trader-turned-abolitionist becomes a hymn writer. A church father is martyred for teaching about Christ's incarnation. A priest is captured by pirates---and then baptizes thousands of pagans. Show your youngsters that church history is anything but boring with this heroes-of-the-faith parade through the 26 letters of the alphabet! 32 pages, 9" x 12" whimsically illustrated hardcover from Crossway.
Dictionary of the Christian Church, Third Edition
By Edited by F.L. Cross & E.A. Livingstone / Hendrickson Publishers
Looking for accurate information on the Bible? Religious orders? Theologians? Archaeology? You'll find it in Cross and Livingstone's accessible dictionary! Priced right for home and church libraries, this comprehensive A-to-Z resource provides hundreds of authoritative cross-referenced entries by a roster of respected scholars and experts. Previously published as The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, Third Edition. 1568 pages, softcover from Hendrickson.
The Early Church Fathers, 38 Volumes
By Hendrickson Publishers
Broken into three sections, this authoritative collection of writings by the Early Church Fathers is essential for understanding patristic thought. Series I of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers consists of eight volumes of the writings of St. Augustine, the greatest and most influential of the early Fathers, as well as six volumes of the treatises and homilies of St. Chrysostom. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers Series II contains in fourteen volumes the works of the Greek Fathers from Eusebius to John of Damascus and the Latin Fathers from Hilary to Gregory the Great. The Ante-Nicene Fathers represent the first primary sources of Christian history following the canon of the New Testament, and include writings from the Apostolic Fathers as well as various third and fourth century sources.
The Confessions of St. Augustine
By St. Augustine / Baker
This book is one of the most moving diaries ever recorded of a man's journey to the fountain of God's grace. Writing as a sinner, not a saint, Augustine shares his innermost thoughts and conversion experiences and wrestles with the spiritual questions that have stirred the hearts of the thoughtful since time began. Starting with his childhood in Numidia, through his youth and early adulthood in Carthage, Rome, and Milan, readers will see Augustine as a human being, a fellow traveler on the road to salvation. Though staggering around potholes and roadblocks, all Christians will find strength in Augustine's message: When the road get rough, look to God! Previously released in 1977, this book invites readers to join Augustine in his quest that led him to be one of the most influential Christian thinkers in the history of the church.
The City of God
By Saint Augustine / Random House, Inc
A cornerstone of Western thought! Written to refute pagan claims that Christianity brought about Rome's downfall, Augustine's classic work is a veritable charter for a Christian future. Chronicling human events as an age-old struggle between good and evil, he casts them in light of a cosmic march toward eternity. Discover why many read Western history as mere "footnotes" to Augustine. 892 pages, hardcover from Random House.
The Discarded Image: An Introduction to Medieval and Renaissance Literature
By C.S. Lewis / Cambridge University Press
The Discarded Image paints a lucid picture of the medieval world view, providing the historical and cultural background to the literature of the middle ages and renaissance. It describes the 'image' discarded by later years as 'the medieval synthesis itself, the whole organisation of their theology, science, and history into a single, complex, harmonious mental model of the universe'. This, Lewis' last book, has been hailed as 'the final memorial to the work of a great scholar and teacher and a wise and noble mind'.
Anselm of Canterbury: The Major Works
By Oxford University Press
Known as the author of the "ontological" argument for the existence of God and for his "substitutionary" theory of the atonement, Anselm was one of the most powerful medieval thinkers. Included are Monologion, Proslogion, Why God Became Man, On the Virgin Conception, and Original Sin, plus 13 others. 480 pages, softcover.
For More, see: Major Works of Anselm and Anselm Studies
Books about the Crusades
Francis of Assisi: The Early Documents, 3 Volumes
By R. Armstrong, J.W. Hellmann & W. Short, eds. / Faithworks / Stl
Complete! "The texts come from the first 150 years of the Franciscan tradition and help us understand both Francis and his movement. There is a wonderful variety among the writings; the chronological arrangement reveals the development of Francis' thought. Recommended,"---Library Journal. 2368 pages total, three softcovers.
For More, see: Major Works of Saint Francis of Assisi and Saint Francis of Assisi Studies
Selected Writings: Thomas Aquinas
By Translated by Ralph McInerny / Penguin Putnam Inc.
Although a controversial figure in his own day, St. Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225-74) forged a unique synthesis of faith and reason, of ancient philosophy and sacred scripture, which decisively influenced Dante and the whole subsequent Catholic tradition.
Intensely interested in Aristotle, as well as Plato, Paul, and Augustine, Thomas believed that unaided human thought can take us a long way towards wisdom and truth, although it must always be supplemented by the central mystery of revelation. His writings contain many classic statements of doctrine about angels, the Incarnation, Trinity, sacraments and the soul and also penetrating discussions on choice, creation and conscience, law, logic and the purpose of life.
In this superb selection, arranged chronologically, Ralph McInerny brings together sermons, commentaries, responses to criticism and substantial extracts from one of Christianity's supreme masterpieces, the Summa theologiae. For anyone concerned to find ways of reconciling science and dogma, reason and religion, Thomas has always been a major source of inspiration. This volumes reveals both the development and the sheer scope of his work.
For More, see: Aquinas Studies
The Imitation of Christ
By Thomas a Kempis / Hendrickson Publishers
Next to the Bible, this book is the most-published--and most deeply cherished--book in any language. For nearly 600 years, these thoughtful meditations on Jesus' life and teachings offer practical guidance on the central task of the Christian life: learning day by day to live like Jesus. This modern translation is direct and concise, yet retains a deep devotional flavor.
Martin Luther’s 95 Theses
By Martin Luther / P & R Publishing
In the Ninety-five Theses Luther applied his evangelical theology to indulgences. He hoped thereby to find an answer to a practical problem which had disturbed him and other sincere Christians for a long time.
The Bondage of the Will
By Martin Luther / Baker
Martin Luther's The Bondage of the Will is fundamental to an understanding of the primary doctrines of the Reformation. In these pages, Luther gives extensive treatment to what he saw as the heart of the gospel. Free will was not merely an academic question for Luther. Rather, he believed that the whole gospel of the grace of God was bound up with it and stood or fell according to how one understands the human will in relation to salvation. Luther affirms our total inability to save ourselves and the sovereignty of divine grace in salvation. He upholds the doctrine of justification by faith and defends predestination as determined by the foreknowledge of God. Luther considered this refutation of Erasmus to be his finest theological work and it has remained a classic in the history of Christian thought.
Martin Luther's Table Talk
By Martin Luther / Bridge-logos Publishing
Martin Luther's Table Talk is a compendium of excerpts taken from conversations with his students and colleagues, who furiously scribbled notes as he spoke. Reading them, it's easy to imagine all of them sitting around the table, eating and drinking and discussing issues of great concern to reformists. These excerpts are frequently anecdotal, highly opinionated, sometimes sublime, sometimes unsophisticated, occasionally brutal... and always unequivocating. Right or wrong, Luther has his say. 530 pages, softcover.
Luther: The Movie, DVD
By Vision Video
Joseph Fiennes (Shakespeare in Love) stars as Martin Luther, the brilliant man of God whose defiant actions changed the world, in this epic film that traces Luther's extraordinary and exhilarating quest for the people's liberation. Regional princes and the powerful Church wield a fast, firm and merciless grip on 16th-centur Germany. But when Martin Luther issues a shocking challenge to their authority, the people declare him their new leader - and hero. Even when threatened with violent death, Luther refuses to back down, sparking a bloody revolution that shakes the entire continent to its core. Approx. 2 hours 4 minutes. Close caption. PG-13.
For More, see: Luther’s Works and Luther Studies
For more on Calvin, see:
Major works of John Calvin
For more from this period, see:
Protestant Reformation Studies, English Reformation Studies, Puritanism (both Puritan Works and Studies), and Anabaptist Traditions
The Reformed Pastor
By Richard Baxter / Banner Of Truth
Richard Baxter (1615-1691) was vicar of Kidderminster from 1647 to 1661. In an introduction to this reprint, Dr. J.I. Packer describes him as "the most outstanding pastor that Puritanism produced." His ministry transformed the people of Kidderminster from "an ignorant rude and revelling people" to "a godly worshipping community."
The Death of Death in the Death of Christ
By John Owen / Banner Of Truth
The Death of Death in the Death of Christ is a polemical work designed to show, among other things, that the doctrine of universal redemption is unscriptural and destructive of the gospel. Nobody has a right to dismiss the doctrine of the limitedness of the atonement as a monstrosity of Calvinistic logic until he has refuted Owen's proof that it is part of the uniform biblical presentation of redemption, clearly taught in plain text after plain text.
For More, see: Major Works of John Owen and John Owen Studies
Pilgrim's Progress: One Man's Search for Eternal Life -A Christian Allegory
By John Bunyan / Baker
For centuries, millions have cherished this evangelical masterpiece. Written in prison, it's an insightful allegory of the conflict between religion and society, featuring Bunyan's own spiritual struggle as he found salvation in Christ and began preaching. Journey with Christian as he travels toward the Celestial City! Priced just right for your book discussion group. 320 pages, softcover from Baker.
The Rare Jewel of Christian Contentment
By J. Burroughs / Banner Of Truth
Burroughs' writings, some published before and others after his death, were numerous but The Rare Jewel of Christian Contentment is one of the most valuable of them all. Its author was much concerned to promote (1) peace among believers of various 'persuasions' (2) peace and contentment in the hearts of individual believers during what he describes as 'sad and sinking times'. The Rare Jewel concentrates upon this second aim. It is marked by sanity, clarity, aptness of illustration, and worth of appeal to the heart.
Westminster Confession of Faith
By Banner Of Truth
The Westminster Confession of Faith is the greatest of all the creeds of the Christian Church. Since its first publication in 1646 it has remained absolutely unsurpassed as an accurate and concise statement of Christian doctrine. Among all the shifting sands of theological opinion here is solid truth, for it has its foundation in the unchanging truth of Scripture--witness the copious references from the Bible which are printed on each page. Because of its faithfulness to Scripture the Confession has permanent worth and abiding relevance.
The Practice of the Presence of God
By Brother Lawrence / Baker
For three centuries the writings of Brother Lawrence have taught Christians that God is as present in the kitchen as in the cathedral and as accessible in the living room as He is around the Lord's table. This simple, yet profound teaching will empower you to seek the joy of God's presence in the midst of every moment and circumstance.
By Blaise Pascal / Penguin Putnam Inc.
Updated edition of the famous Krailsheimer translation, the first to follow the order of notes as Pascal left them. This unfinished apology for Christianity was meant to confound the followers of Descartes by emphasizing the inadequacy of reason. 368 pages, softcover.
The Works of Jonathan Edwards, 2 Volumes
By Jonathan Edwards / Hendrickson Publishers
Discover why the fiery sermons of Jonathan Edwards sparked the Great Awakening of 1740! This 2-volume set features Edwards's most celebrated expositions, including The Freedom of the Will and The Religious Affections, plus Henry Rogers's Essay on the Genius and Writings of Jonathan Edwards---a work you won't find in any other Edwards collection. 1958 pages total, hardcovers from Hendrickson.
Jonathan Edwards: A New Biography
By Iain H. Murray / Banner Of Truth
This book gives us Murray's view of both the first and second great awakenings. He was a mighty theologian and a great evangelist at the same time. No thinking person who loves theology and experience, revival and evangelism should pass over this masterful work.
For More, see: Major Works of Jonathan Edwards and Edwards Studies
Amazing Grace, DVD
By Fox Faith
Amazing Grace, from acclaimed director, Michael Apted, tells the inspiring story of how one man’s passion and perseverance changed the world. Based on the true-life story of William Wilberforce (Gruffudd), a leader of the British abolition movement, the film chronicles his epic struggle to pass a law to end the slave trade in the late 18th century. Along the way, Wilberforce meets intense opposition from members of Parliament who feel the slave trade is tied to the stability of the British Empire. Several friends, including Wilberforce’s minister, John Newton (Finney), a reformed slave ship captain who penned the beloved hymn Amazing Grace, urge him to see the cause through. Rated PG. Approx. 111 Minutes.
A Longing for Holiness: Selected Writings of John Wesley
By John Wesley / Upper Room
From the publisher: John Wesley was the hugely influential 18th-century preacher, writer, and founder of Methodism. This booklet includes selections from Wesley's journals, sermons and books, giving a clear picture of Wesley and the movement he helped create. 72 pages, 4 1/4" x 7", paper.
For More, see: Major Works of John Wesley and John Wesley Studies
History of Princeton Seminary
By David B. Calhoun / Banner Of Truth
Modest in its origins, but blessd with professors marked by personal devotion to Christ as well as academic brillance, the name of Princeton Seminary became almost synonymous with erudidte biblical exposition, carefully worked-out reformed theology, and deep spirituality. In volume 1 of this makgnificent work, Dr. Calhoun traces the moving story of the years 1812-1868. Here we meet great spirituality great scholars, great missionary vision and great consecration to Christ. 522 pgs
History of Princeton Seminary Volume 2: The Majestic Testimony 1869-1929
By David B. Calhoun / Banner Of Truth
In Princeton Seminary, volume 2: The Majestic Testimony, David Calhoun continues his history of Princeton Seminary begun in the widely acclaimed volume 1, Faith and Learning. Here we encounter the great Hodge lineage; the broad scholarship of B. B. Warfield; the brilliance of Geerhardus Vos; the emergence of the young J. Gresham Machen. And through them we are introduced to the army of men they taught, loved, and sent throughout the world to serve Jesus Christ. 560 pgs
Systematic Theology, 3 Volumes
By Charles Hodge / Hendrickson Publishers
The magnum opus of one of America's most prominent theologians offers an in-depth exploration of theology, anthropology, soteriology, and eschatology. This monumental work, now a standard for theological students, was written while Hodge served as a professor at Princeton, where he permanently influenced American Christianity as a teacher, preacher, and exegete. Includes a comprehensive index. Three hardcovers, from Hendrickson.
The Treasury of David, 3 Volumes
By Charles Spurgeon / Hendrickson Publishers
The classic commentary on the Psalms is a treasure for preachers and devotional readers alike! Each verse includes Spurgeon's commentary, as well as illuminating quotes from Spurgeon's contemporaries and great Puritan expositors of the 17th and 18th centuries. Each psalm closes with a short section of "Hints to Preachers." 2833 pages total, three hardcovers from Hendrickson.
Find other books by C.H. Spurgeon...
Lectures on Calvinism
By Abraham Kuyper / Eerdmans Publishing Co.
How does a person relate to God, to other people, and to the world around? This classic expression of the Reformed faith offers six lectures on Calvinism. Abraham Kuyper introduces Calvinism as a life-system, discusses its relationship to religion, politics, science, and art. Though these lecture were delivered at Princeton in 1898, what Kuyper says is not of historical interest alone; it has relevance for today.
Find other books by Abraham Kuyper...
Christianity and Liberalism
By J. Gresham Machen / Eerdmans Publishing Co.
This book, written in response to the liberalism which arose in the early 1900's, is a classic defense of orthodox Christianity. To expose the fallacies of liberalism and strengthen the orthodox position, Dr. Machen establishes the importance of scriptural doctrine and contrasts the teachings of liberalism and orthodoxy on God and man, the Bible, Christ, salvation, and the church. These issues remain in conflict today, testifying to the continuing relevance of this important work.
Monkey Business: The True Story of the Scopes Trial
By John Perry & Marvin Olasky / Broadman / Holman
The Scopes Monkey Trial in Dayton, Tennessee was a watershed moment in the history of this country. The ramifications of those proceedings are still being felt today. However, it is not necessarily the arguments from the courtroom floor that are reverberating in the halls of America today. The way the entire event was conducted and perceived by the rest of the nation set the tone for how creationists and evolutionists have been viewed by society ever since.
A Testament to Freedom: The Essential Writings of Dietrich Bonhoeffer
By Dietrich Bonhoeffer / Harpercollins Publishing
“Focusing variously on Bonhoeffer as teacher, pastor, friend, and follower of Christ, this contains the essential pieces of the Bonhoeffer corpus,” - Christian Century. 579 pages, softcover.
By George MacDonald / Eerdmans Publishing Co.
This is the story of the narrator’s adventures in fairyland, where he confronts tree-spirits, sojourns to the palace of the fairy queen. A book of unparalleled charm and creativity that C.S. Lewis said baptized his imagination.
By G.K. Chesterton / Hendrickson Publishers
“There has never been a more articulate champion of classic Christian orthodoxy, virtue, and decency than this rotund jouster whose words were his weapons,” - Christianity Today. One of the most influential works of apologetics in the 20th century, it turns on their heads a number of conventional assumptions. 200 pages, hardcover. Hendrickson.
By Charles Williams / Eerdmans Publishing Co.
This penetrating study of evil in the human heart revolves around a mysterious Stone of MANY DIMENSIONS, by which one can move at will through space, time, and thought. Replete with rich religious imagery, MANY DIMENSIONS explores the relation between predestination and free will as it depicts different human responses to redemptive transcendence.
Chronicles of Narnia, Boxed Set
By C.S. Lewis / Zondervan Corp.
Seven volumes sure to captivate children and adults, and provide hours of excellent reading.
The Lord of the Rings, Young Adult Boxed Set
By J.R.R. Tolkien / Houghton-mifflin
For over fifty years, J.R.R. Tolkien’s peerless fantasy has accumulated worldwide acclaim as the greatest adventure tale ever written. No other writer has created a world as distinct as Middle-earth, complete with its own geography, history, languages, and legends. And no one has created characters as endearing as Tolkien’s large-hearted, hairy-footed hobbits. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings continues to seize the imaginations of readers of all ages, and this new three-volume paperback edition is designed to appeal to the youngest of them. It features the complete text with larger print and reader-friendly formatting. Recommended for ages 9 to 12.
End of the Spear, DVD
By Word Entertainment, Inc.
When five young missionaries, among them Jim Elliot and Nate Saint, are speared to death by the Waodani in 1956, a series of miraculous events unfolds that changes the lives of the slain men's families and the Ecuadorian tribe they were attempting to befriend. Based on a true story of love and forgiveness. (PG-13). Approx. 111 minutes. This DVD includes fullscreen and widescreen versions.
Christ and Culture
By H. Richard Niebuhr / Harpercollins Publishing
Niebuhr chose to develop five types to describe how Christians in the past had interacted with their respective cultures, and how Christians are interacting with their cultures in the present. Fifty years after Niebuhr developed his five types, they are still just as relevant. Niebuhr's five types are: Christ against culture, the Christ of culture, Christ above culture, Christ and culture in paradox, and Christ the transformer of culture.
The Complete Works of Francis Schaeffer, 5 Volumes
By Francis Schaeffer / Crossway Books
Dr. Schaeffer was one of the 20th century’s champions of reasoned faith. This affordable set contains all 22 of Schaeffer’s books, including his popular Trilogy (The God Who Is There, Escape from Reason, and He Is There and He Is Not Silent). Five indexed 6" x 9" softcovers, from Crossway Books.
For More, see: Church History page from Christianbook.com