Toggle Menu

Timeline 1600 - 1699

1603 Arminius takes the position that predestination is based on fore-knowledge
1603 James I becomes King
1604 The Puritans meet James at Hampton Court. Their hopes are dashed
1609 d. Jacobus Arminius
1610 b. Brother Lawrence
1610 The Arminians issue the Remonstrance containing 5 articles
1611 The King James Version, the most influential English translation of the Bible
1615 b. Puritan Richard Baxter, author of The Reformed Pastor
1616 b. Puritan John Owen, called the Calvin of England
1618 The Book of Sports is published. It contradicts the Puritan view of the Sabbath, but Puritans are forced to read it
1618 - 1619 The Synod of Dort is called in the Netherlands to answer the Arminians. The response forms 5 point Calvinism
1620 Plymouth, Massachusetts colony founded by Puritans
1623 b. Blaise Pascal
1623 b. Francis Turretin
1625 Charles I becomes King. He too is against the Puritans
1628 William Laud becomes Bishop of London and steps up oppression of the Puritans
1628 b. Puritan John Bunyan, author of Pilgrim's Progress among many other works of poetry and prose
1629 Charles I dismisses Parliament
1630 John Winthrop and many Puritans migrate to America
1632 b. Locke, founder of empiricism
1633 The Book of Sports is renewed
1636 Harvard founded by Puritans
1638 The National Covenant
1640 Charles I summons Parliament. They curtail his power
1643 The Solemn League and Covenant
1643 - 1646 The Westminster Assembly
1646 Cromwell's army defeats the King at the Battle of Naseby
1647 George Fox founds the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)
1649 Charles I is executed. Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector
c. 1650 Brother Lawrence became a monk, and "walk(ed) with God around a kitchen for forty years" (Great Christian Books, 57) But he did it to glorify God
1654 Conversion of Pascal. He started collecting notes for an Apology for the Christian Religion. It was unfinished, but his notes were published posthumously as Pensees
1658 d. Cromwell
1660 Charles II becomes King of England
1661 - 1663 John Eliot publishes the Bible in Algonkian, a Native American language. Over the course of his life he also helped plant at least 14 Native American churches
1662 d. Pascal
1662 New Act of Uniformity, over two thousand Puritan pastors resign or are forced out
1675 Philip Jacob Spener's Pia Desideria helps begin the pietist movement
1675 Edict of Nantes is revoked, making Protestantism illegal again in France. Many huguenots emigrated, some stayed and met in secret
1685 b. J.S.Bach, called the fifth evangelist
1687 d. Turretin. His Institutes of Elentic Theology were published the next year
1688 William and Mary take the throne. Puritans are free to preach and establish their own churches
1691 d. Brother Lawrence