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Timeline 1800 - 1899

1800
The first camp meeting in Kentucky is presided over by Calvinist James McGready
1801
William Carey's Bengali New Testament published
1801
The Cane Ridge Revival in Kentucky is an early stirring of the Second Great Awakening
1808
Henry Martyn publishes the New Testament in Hindustani
1809
Harvard having been lost to Unitarianism, Andover Seminary is founded
1812
Princeton Seminary founded
1812
b. James Henley Thornwell, the great Southern Presbyterian mind whose influence is still felt in the PCA
1813
b. David Livingston, missionary and explorer in Africa
1813
b. Soren Kierkegaard
1816
African Methodist Episcopal Church founded by Richard Allen, a freedman who had been the first black Methodist to be ordained as a deacon
1824
Charles Finney leads revivals from Wilmingham to Boston. The Second Great Awakening is underway
1825
Charles Hodge founds the Princeton Review
1833 - 1841
The Oxford Movement, or the Tractarian Movement, attempts to bring the Church of England closer to Catholicism. Tried to popularize the Via Media. Led by John Henry Newman
1834
d. William Carey, called "the Father of Modern Missions"
1834
1835
Hodge's Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans
1835
Finney's Lectures on Revivals
1835 - 1837
Adoniram Judson translates the Bible into Burmese
1837
b. Abraham Kuyper
1837
Old School/New School controversy splits American Presbyterianism
1843
The Disruption of the church in Scotland
1844
d. Asahel Nettleton, Calvinist leader who opposed Finney's formulaic view of revivalism during the Second Great Awakening
1845
John Henry Newman converts to Roman Catholicism
1848
b. Mary Slessor, who the Africans she would minister to called "The Mother of All of Life"
1851
d. Archibald Alexander
1851
b. B.B.Warfield, Princeton theologian who would defend inerrancy
1852
b. Adolf Schlatter, a respected conservative voice in liberal Germany
1854
Doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary
1855
d. Kierkegaard
1857
Finney's Lectures to Professing Christians written to influence the practice of "Christian Perfection"
1859
Origen of Species, Darwin
1860
Essays and Reviews published. A liberal manifesto by 7 Church of England priests
1861
Spurgeon moves to the Metropolitan Tabernacle. Soon he is preaching to over 6,000 per week
1864
Old School/New School schism healed in the South
1869
Old School/New School schism healed in the North
1870
Vatican I, and the declaration of Papal Infallibility when speaking ex cathedra
1870
Fifty year celebration of Friedrich August Tholuck's professorship at Halle. Tholuck was the spiritual father of thousands of students, and mentored Charles Hodge
1873
d. David Livingston
1874
The Christian Doctrine of Justification and Reconciliation by Albrecht Ritschl reduces Christianity to a social gospel
1875
d. Charles Finney
1878
d. Charles Hodge
1879
John Henry Newman made a Cardinal
1881
b. J.Gresham Machen
1886
Abraham Kuyper leads a major sucession in the Dutch Reformed Church
1886
The Student Volunteer Movement
1886
1890
d. John Henry Newman, who became one of the most influential Roman Catholic thinkers of his time
1892
d. C.H.Spurgeon
1898
Kuyper's Stone Lectures urge the development of a Christian worldview encompassing all of life